Chronology
1933
January
The Nazi Party takes power in Germany, Hitler becomes Chancellor.
February
Nazis "temporarily restrict" civil liberties for all citizens - never to be restored.
March
The concentration camp at Dachau is established.
May
Trade unions are closed. Books declared contrary to Nazi beliefs are publicly burned.

1935

September
The German Government enacts the Nuremburg Laws - codifying the "racial" definition of Jews depriving them of citizenship and fundamental rights.
The Nazis intensify persecution of political dissidents and others considered "inferior" including Gypsies, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals. Many are sent to concentration camps.
October
Nazis seize control of Jewish owned businesses.
November
Jewish children are expelled from public schools.
December
Nazis seize control of Jewish owned businesses.

1938

November
Kristallnacht: "The Night of Broken Glass." Nazis attack Jews throughout Germany - 30,000 Jews arrested. 91 Jews killed. 500 shops and businesses looted. More than 1,000 synagogues set afire.

1939

September
Germany invades Poland. World War II begins. Nazis order Polish Jews into restricted ghettos and force them into slave labor.

October
Hitler orders the so-called "Euthanasia" program leading to the systematic murder of the mentally and physically disabled in Germany and Austria.

1940

February
Nazis begin deporting German Jews to Poland.

December
Nazis begin the first mass murder of Jews at Treblinka.

1941

June
Germany attacks the Soviet Union. Mobile killing units begin the systematic slaughter of Jews.

September
In two days, mobile killing units shoot 33,771 Ukranian Jews at Babi Yar - the largest single massacre of the Holocaust.

December
The death camp at Chelmno begins operation.

1942

January
Wannsee Conference - The Nazis coordinate the "Final Solution" - a plan to kill all European Jews through mass exterminations.

Six death camps equipped with gas chambers soon begin full scale operation in Poland: Majdanek, Chelmno, Sobibor, Treblinka, Belzec, and Auschewitz -Birkenau.

During peak operations, thousands of people a day are murdered in these death factories.

1945

May
U.S. and Allied forces defeat the Nazis and liberate the remaining concentration camp survivors.